Behind the relocation of the last apple production

  • Detail

From the United States to China, Apple moved behind the last production line

, does Apple choose Chinese OEM only because of the low labor cost in China? Someone once asked Apple CEO cook whether Apple chose the Chinese OEM only because of the low labor cost in China? Cook responded: it's because of China's talents and technology

in fact, Apple has 18 assembly plants worldwide, including 15 in China, 1 in the United States, 1 in Brazil and 1 in Ireland. Among them, factories in China and Brazil are responsible for the assembly and production of iPhone, iPad, Iwatch, macbook, etc., factories in Ireland are responsible for the assembly and production of iMac, and factories in Austin, Texas are responsible for the assembly and production of Mac Pro nicknamed garbage can

last month, Apple released a new generation of Mac Pro to replace the previous generation of garbage cans. About the differences between the two generations of products, Xiaohei had previously introduced it in "the birth of the strongest Apple computer! From 77000, this time I dare not say buy buy buy buy buy". This time, Apple has deep expectations for the new generation Ma to promote the growth of overall strength. C Pro has made all-round changes from the inside to the outside. With the change, the product supply chain of the new generation Mac Pro also changes. Recently, according to the US "Wall Street" report, apple is planning to transfer the production line of the new generation MAC PR applying for the international standard subsidy program 70 o from the United States to China in order to save the cost of parts delivery

jobs' failed attempt

it is said that the OEM Apple found in China this time is quanta computer, which is located around Shanghai. In today's volatile situation in China and the United States, apple, regardless of domestic political pressure, also wants to move the last production line of the United States to China. The main reason is that the manufacturing environment in the United States is increasingly unable to meet the production requirements of Apple computers

as early as the 1980s, Steve Jobs, the founder of apple, had the idea of completely producing apple computers in the United States. At that time. Dell, HP and other major computer manufacturers are gradually moving their local computer production lines to the Asia Pacific region. However, jobs insisted that software development must be closely integrated with hardware production. Therefore, instead of closing the apple factory, apple opened new factories in California, Texas, Colorado and other places

as we all know, jobs is a rare genius, but the genius's decision is not 100% correct. In 1983, Apple's first personal computer, the Macintosh (the predecessor of the MAC), was completed opposite Apple's headquarters in California. The decoration style of the factory is Apple's minimalist style as always. The whole factory is highly automated and is praised by jobs as a zero defect factory

however, this so-called highly automated production line was not successful. Due to the excessive emphasis on automation, the actual operators are far less than those in other factories, and the parts on the production line often fall from the conveyor belt. In addition, labor-intensive assembly lines such as semiconductor chip packaging technology have been gradually transferred to Asia Pacific countries. It is increasingly difficult for apple to find experienced workers and has not been able to achieve the expected output. Eventually, the factory closed in 1992

jobs' failure was not an accident. With the development of globalization, the semiconductor industry has ushered in an irresistible wave of industrial division. TSMC, Foxconn and other OEM plants have also taken advantage of the trend to provide solid and reliable OEM services for many American technology companies. After the failure of the Macintosh factory in California, jobs fully learned a lesson. He returned to apple in 1997 and hired cook as the senior vice president of Apple's global operations the next year, responsible for finding a foundry around the world and building Apple's global manufacturing supply chain

screw effect

before coming to apple, cook was responsible for supply chain affairs at IBM and Compaq. After coming to apple, cook completed the task given to him by jobs perfectly. With his efforts, Apple's supply chain is spread across Chinese Mainland, Taiwan, China, Japan, South Korea and other countries and regions. More than a dozen assembly plants assemble parts provided by various supply chain enterprises into complete iPhones, iPads, iwatchs, macbooks, etc. every day, and finally sell them all over the world

now, in Apple's global supply chain system, suppliers from East Asia account for more than 70%. Under this background, it is obviously the most beneficial choice for apple to place the assembly link in China and Shanghai, which is close to Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, China. Only in China, as large as CPU, screen display panel, camera module, PCB circuit board, antenna, and as small as screw with the expansion of electronic skills, there will be unlimited supply in a short time

seven years ago, the New York Times mentioned a story. At that time, Apple announced that it would manufacture and assemble the previous generation of Mac Pro in Austin, Texas. Because of the changes involved, Mac Pro needs a new special screw. Such screws can be supplied in unlimited quantities in China, but the American supplier Apple found is a small factory with only 20 people, which can produce only 1000 screws a day. Because of this, at the beginning of the release of Mac Pro, it was difficult to supply a machine in the market. Later, apple chose to import such screws from China to completely solve the supply problem

from this screw story, we can also see why Apple insisted on moving the last production line in the United States to China. Because China can not only supply a large number of cheap workers, but also the surrounding supporting industrial chain is quite mature. BOE has display panel, acoustic module has Goethe acoustics, camera module has orfig, glass cover plate has Lansi technology, linear motor has Jinlong Electromechanical, WiFi module has huanxu electronics. These companies together constitute irreplaceable advantages made in China. In addition, with the Japanese and Korean supply chain enterprises such as TSMC, Samsung, LGD and JDI in sight, apple can greatly reduce the transportation cost of parts. Therefore, even if faced with an additional tariff of 25%, the comprehensive manufacturing cost of China is still better than that of the United States

from the United States to China, Apple's last production line is moving behind. It is collated and released by China mechanical and electrical products trading (hereinafter referred to as machine trading). Jinan LANBO is now giving you a brief lecture on the common faults and maintenance methods of the manhole cover pressure tester. If you need to reprint, please indicate the source of the article. For more information about the electromechanical industry, please click attention: electromechanical information of China's electromechanical products trading

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI